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GlobalPost’s Tristan McConnell reports from Juba, South Sudan:
“In July 1995, Nedzad Handzic survived the Srebrenica massacre. More than 100 of his relatives, friends, and neighbors did not.
When Serbian troops descended on the Bosnian city, United Nations peacekeepers who had declared it a safe haven stood by as 8,000 people were killed. It was a dark, shameful episode in peacekeeping’s short history, and one the UN has endeavored not to repeat.
But this past December, 40-year-old Handzic felt like it was happening all over — in another conflict in another city on another continent.”
Read the full piece here. 
Photo by Tristan McConnell/GlobalPost

GlobalPost’s Tristan McConnell reports from Juba, South Sudan:

In July 1995, Nedzad Handzic survived the Srebrenica massacre. More than 100 of his relatives, friends, and neighbors did not.

When Serbian troops descended on the Bosnian city, United Nations peacekeepers who had declared it a safe haven stood by as 8,000 people were killed. It was a dark, shameful episode in peacekeeping’s short history, and one the UN has endeavored not to repeat.

But this past December, 40-year-old Handzic felt like it was happening all over — in another conflict in another city on another continent.”

Read the full piece here

Photo by Tristan McConnell/GlobalPost

JALAWLA FRONT LINES, Iraq — As the world tries to cobble together a coalition of the willing to fight the Islamic State (IS), there’s already an unlikely alliance of front-line forces working to hold back the violent extremists.

Watch GlobalPost’s On Location video by Tracey Shelton:

What the front-line fight against the Islamic State looks like

GlobalPost’s Tracey Shelton reports from Zakho, Iraq:

A little more than a week ago, 23-year-old Assad Haig’s life took a nightmarish turn.

Islamic State (IS) militants captured 63 of his relatives, members of the persecuted Yazidi community, when the extremist fighters overran the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar.

One of the militants notified Haig, who works in the Kurdish capital of Erbil, about the harrowing kidnapping spree by phone.

Only two of Haig’s family members managed to evade capture — his father, who fled to Mount Sinjar, and his 84-year-old grandmother, who was left behind by the militants in the family home with the grim warning that she would be executed if she didn’t convert to Islam.

Here’s her amazing story of survival.

This man has lost 63 relatives to the Islamic State

On Friday, Assad Haig received a call from his mother’s phone number. On the other end was a militant of the Islamic State. Haig’s family, the man said, were going to be executed.

Haig is 23 years old. He works in the Kurdish capital of Erbil. He comes from Sinjar, a town that was overrun by Islamic State militants on Aug. 3. Almost every relative he has ever known — 63 in total — was in Islamic State custody at the time he got the call. Most of them are, or were, women and small children,” writes GlobalPost’s Tracey Shelton.

Read the full story here

Photo by Tracey Shelton/GlobalPost

GlobalPost senior correspondent Simeon Tegel writes from Lima, Peru:

It was a momentous day for Latin America: On March 11, 1990, Augusto Pinochet, the region’s last military dictator, finally handed power to an elected civilian president.

Since then, democracy has put down roots in the Americas to such an extent that few expect a repeat of the bloody coups that frequently punctuated the region’s history.

But now, across Latin America, the military is flexing its muscles once again and taking on more central roles in society, including in ways that experts warn are posing subtler risks to constitutional rule.

Read the full story here: Latin America’s military is making a comeback

Photo by AFP/Getty

NEW DELHI, India — One talks about being beaten up. Another describes how people humiliate her. Many more speak about rape — a common danger facing women of India’s lowest caste.

Meet the dalits, better known in the West as “untouchables” — an Indian caste so denigrated that they suffer explicit discrimination and abuse.

This YouTube channel shows what it’s like to be an ‘untouchable’

Photo by AFP/Getty

BEIRUT, Lebanon — As the Iraqi government struggles to contain a Sunni militant advance on Baghdad and hold the country together, more and more Iraqis are blaming Prime Minister Nouri al Maliki for their country’s increasing resemblance to neighboring Syria.

Maliki isn’t just responsible for the Iraqi army’s poor showing against the Islamic State, critics say: Like Syria’s Bashar al-Assad, he’s responsible for the violence itself, for having ordered a military crackdown on a public demonstration, triggering the recent wave of unrest. And now, he’s relying on a military strategy that guarantees high civilian casualties.

Is Iraq’s Maliki taking a page out of Assad’s playbook?

Photo by AFP/Getty Images

SLOVYANSK, Ukraine — If Zoya Kolosovksaya had her way, the national anthem would be ringing out each morning from the central square of this tattered former rebel stronghold in eastern Ukraine.

Now that security forces have chased out the armed separatists who’d made this provincial outpost of around 120,000 their nerve center, the 51-year-old resident believes the anti-government hysteria that was recently so prominent here should quickly fade.

“People are capable of getting used to anything,” Kolosovskaya said. “They should get used to the fact that Ukrainian statehood exists.”

In ‘liberated’ eastern Ukraine, the hard work lies ahead

Photos by Dan Peleschuk/GlobalPost

JUBA, South Sudan — Birthdays are a time to reflect, even for countries. South Sudan turns 3 years old today and this year it has decided to take stock of its estimated 9,000 child soldiers.

It’s a staggering figure and one that has motivated the world’s youngest nation — also one of its most troubled — to try to change its image amid brutal war.

Full story here: 

This year, on its birthday, South Sudan would like to take stock of its estimated 9,000 child soldiers

Photo by AFP/Getty

SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador — In his rotating wardrobe of team jerseys and visors, Jose Aquiles often stalked the sidelines of his students’ soccer games, shouting instructions and praise.

A pro in his younger days, Aquiles lived for the sport, never missing a chance to play or coach. But at a tournament one Friday in April, he appeared pensive, foregoing his usual perch for an out-of-the way bench — a towel slung across his head to block the sun.

“That was the last time I saw him,” said Luis Winfredo Montoya, a fellow teacher at the school in rural Santa Lucia, in western El Salvador, where Aquiles taught English and social studies.

The following Monday, word spread through school that Aquiles’ body had been found dismembered and buried in a scrubland controlled by the notorious Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13, street gang. His eighth graders sobbed and refused to enter his classroom. At his funeral, days later, hundreds filled the streets and thronged his casket, which was closed because of the damage to his body.

Aquiles’ murder outraged his teachers union, which demanded justice. In the past several years, 27 Salvadoran teachers have been killed, and thousands extorted, as gangs have gained hold over even remote areas of the country, said Paz Zetino, the union’s director.

Some have been killed over as little as a failing grade.

El Salvador gangs kill teachers over as little as a failing grade

Photo by Seth Robbins/GlobalPost

KIRKUK, Iraq — At a peshmerga outpost on the western outskirts of Kirkuk, talk of battlefield strategy in the fight against Sunni militants quickly devolves into trash talk about their supposed partner in that fight: the Iraqi military.

"They’re not fighting, they’re just falling down," Qurshed Ismahil, the senior commander at this small base, says, disparaging the Iraqi military’s performance over the past two weeks.

"Of course they lost Mosul, they just left everything and ran home."

His men, sitting around him on foam mattresses under a makeshift awning, nod in agreement.

"There is no more Iraqi military," laughs one man. "It’s just a name, that’s it."

The peshmerga and the Iraqi army just love to hate on each other

Photo by Susannah George/GlobalPost

GlobalPost Senior Correspondent Tristan McConnell reports from Leer, South Sudan:

Eight months old and weighing less than half what he should, Ruot Diang died in his mother’s arms on a Tuesday night earlier this month. Doctors at the hospital where he died in rural South Sudan thought it was tuberculosis that finally killed him, after malnutrition severely weakened his body.

But they can’t say for sure because the hospital’s lab — like its operating theater, emergency room and pharmacy — had been looted and burned when the country’s latest civil war reached the town of Leer in January. 

Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF, or Doctors Without Borders) reopened the hospital in May, and since then five children have died there. They are among the first victims of South Sudan’s entirely man-made humanitarian crisis, but they won’t be the last.

South Sudan has reached the lowest point in its entire history

Photos by Tristan McConnell/GlobalPost

nprglobalhealth:

Doctors Aren’t Sure How To Stop Africa’s Deadliest Ebola Outbreak
When an Ebola outbreak lasts for months and continues to show up in new cities, health officials take notice.
That’s exactly what’s happening in West Africa. An outbreak that started in Guinea last February has surged in the past few weeks. It’s now the deadliest outbreak since the virus was first detected in 1976.
More than 500 cases have been reported in three West African countries, and the death toll has risen to 337, the World Health Organization said Wednesday. That’s up from 208 cases reported two weeks ago, a 60 percent spike.
"There are many villages in the eastern part of Sierra Leone that are basically devastated," virologist Robert Garry of Tulane University tells NPR’s Jason Beaubien. “We walked into one village … and we found 25 corpses. One house with seven people, all in one family, were dead.
"It’s a very serious situation there," adds Garry, who just returned to the U.S. from West Africa. "This is about as bad as it [an Ebola outbreak] gets."
Ebola often kills around two-thirds of the people it infects. And it kills quickly, sometimes within days, sometimes within weeks. That actually makes outbreaks relatively easy to stop, says Thomas Geisbert, of the University of Texas Medical Branch.
Continue reading.
Photo: A health worker from Doctors Without Borders examines Ebola patient Finda Marie Kamano, 33, at her home in Conakry, Guinea, in April. The outbreak that began in February is still spreading in West Africa. (Sylvain Cherkaoui/Cosmos/Courtesy of Doctors Without Borders)

nprglobalhealth:

Doctors Aren’t Sure How To Stop Africa’s Deadliest Ebola Outbreak

When an Ebola outbreak lasts for months and continues to show up in new cities, health officials take notice.

That’s exactly what’s happening in West Africa. An outbreak that started in Guinea last February has surged in the past few weeks. It’s now the deadliest outbreak since the virus was first detected in 1976.

More than 500 cases have been reported in three West African countries, and the death toll has risen to 337, the World Health Organization said Wednesday. That’s up from 208 cases reported two weeks ago, a 60 percent spike.

"There are many villages in the eastern part of Sierra Leone that are basically devastated," virologist Robert Garry of Tulane University tells NPR’s Jason Beaubien. “We walked into one village … and we found 25 corpses. One house with seven people, all in one family, were dead.

"It’s a very serious situation there," adds Garry, who just returned to the U.S. from West Africa. "This is about as bad as it [an Ebola outbreak] gets."

Ebola often kills around two-thirds of the people it infects. And it kills quickly, sometimes within days, sometimes within weeks. That actually makes outbreaks relatively easy to stop, says Thomas Geisbert, of the University of Texas Medical Branch.

Continue reading.

Photo: A health worker from Doctors Without Borders examines Ebola patient Finda Marie Kamano, 33, at her home in Conakry, Guinea, in April. The outbreak that began in February is still spreading in West Africa. (Sylvain Cherkaoui/Cosmos/Courtesy of Doctors Without Borders)